10/11/2018

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Strawberries Fragaria vesca complex - Strawberry Forest Cem. Rosaceae Perennial herb with horizontal or obliquely positioned rhizome scaly, with long, above ground, rooting shoots (mustache). Leaves radical, on long petioles, ternate. Peduncles 5-30 cm tall, erect leafless, hairy. Flowers in racemes thyroid, a small number of flowers. Petals white (rarely yellow). Fruits - Small 'Nuts', located in pits enlarged, fleshy, juicy, sweet, bright red, pink, white or yellow receptacle (false fruit). It flowers in May - August (October). Distribution. Among the sparse forests and shrubs, forest clearings and debris slopes. In addition to Fragaria vesca grow and other closely related species: F. moschata Duchesne - Strawberry cantaloupe (BN - Gradinskaya berry, F. - Caperonnier, H. - Moschous Erdbeere, A. - Hautbois strawberry) and F. viridis Duchesne - Strawberry green (B - Planica, F. - Breslinge, H. - Knackelbeere, VA - Alpin strawberry, green pins strawberry). Found throughout Europe. Raw materials. Use fruit (Fructus Fragariae) and leaves (Folia Fragariae). The fruits are beginning to be collected only when the weather is dry separated fleshy part. The collected berries consumed fresh or dried in a drying at a temperature 25-30 . Dried fruits have no flavor, dark red and sour taste. Leaves with petioles harvested and dried in a ventilated room or in a drying at a temperature of 50 C. Content. The fruits contain pectin, sugar, vitamin C, flavonoids, anthocyanins, tannins and organic acids. The leaves contain tannins, vitamin C, flavonoids, volatile oil, etc. The main action. Diuretic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic (The effects of wild strawberries and strawberry garden are the same). Experimental and clinical data. Reasons to use a decoction of leaves as wild strawberries and strawberry garden, provides a rich content of tannins and flavones (quercetin and aglucones kvartsitin identical citral substance having anti-inflammatory activity). In addition to the leaves...

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