The proposal of the Occupational Therapy it must be in accordance with the necessities of the customer while to be holistic and with constante.possibilidade to learn and if to adapt. ' can be said that; ' Occupational therapy is the analysis and the application of occupations (characteristic it differs that it from other professions), specifically automanuteno, productivity and leisure, through the process of evaluation, interpretation and treatment (process) of problems that intervene with the functional performance or adaptativo (goal) of people whose occupations are harmed by illness or disability, clutters emotional, congenital riots or of the development or the process of aging, with the objective to qualify the person to reach a state of functional and adaptativo performance (...), to prevent damages and to promote the health ' ' (Mello in Duarte, 2000). According to Neistadt and Crepeau, ' ' Occupational therapy is the art and science to help people to carry through the daily activities that are important for they, although debilidades, incapacities, or deficincias.' ' (2002) The work developed for the Occupational Therapy in infirmaries or hospital rooms of adult patients with varied injuries, is of neurological, traumato-ortopdica order, among others, is, most of the time, a new situation, only irrecrivel e. To if tracing, next to the patient the line of to be adopted intervention, has been broken of the premise of that if it can all assist the experience of the internment of citizens that, for motor, sensorial, cognitivas or perceptuais losses, are seen moved away from its wanted beings, its work, its domestic tasks, its school, at last, of its daily one, constructed throughout the time. Illnesses as Vascular Accidents of some orders, serious traumas involving enceflicas injuries or medulares, demand a careful occupational therapeutical accompaniment, since they can cause dficits permanent or temporary that harms the performance of its activities of daily, practical life, of leisure and work.